Endometriomas Vs Ovarian Cysts
Endometrioma and ovarian cyst are both conditions that can affect the ovaries and cause pelvic pain, but they have different underlying causes and characteristics.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that forms on the surface of the ovary. Most ovarian cysts are functional cysts, which means they develop as a normal part of the menstrual cycle and usually resolve on their own without treatment. However, some cysts can grow larger and cause pain, especially if they rupture or twist the ovary.
Endometrioma, on the other hand, is a type of ovarian cyst that forms when endometrial tissue (the tissue that lines the uterus) grows on the ovary. This tissue responds to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle just like the tissue in the uterus, which means it can thicken, break down, and bleed. Over time, this can form a cyst that is filled with old blood, which can cause chronic pain and discomfort.
In summary, while both conditions can cause ovarian cysts and pelvic pain, ovarian cysts are more common and usually resolve on their own, while endometriomas are a specific type of ovarian cyst caused by endometrial tissue and often require more specialized treatment.